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Ultimately leading the entire Catholic Church is the Bishop of Rome, commonly called the pope, whose jurisdiction is called the Holy See.
In parallel to the diocesan structure are a variety of religious institutes that function autonomously, often subject only to the authority of the pope, though sometimes subject to the local bishop.
Catholics live all over the world through missions, diaspora, and conversions.
Since the 20th century the majority reside in the southern hemisphere due to secularisation in Europe, and increased persecution in the Middle East.
San Clemente is a community in every sense of the word.
With approximately 720 students from a variety of cultures and backgrounds, San Clemente enrols primarily from the parishes of Waratah, Mayfield, Mayfield West, Tighes Hill, Stockton, Nelson Bay, Bulahdelah, Raymond Terrace and Shortland. Read the stories of Alumni dating from the 1920s onwards here!
Most religious institutes only have male or female members but some have both.
The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world.The gold cross on a monde (globe) surmounting the tiara symbolises the sovereignty of Jesus.There are three levels of clergy, the episcopate, composed of bishops who hold jurisdiction over a geographic area called a diocese or eparchy; the presbyterate, composed of priests ordained by bishops and who work in local diocese or religious orders; and the diaconate, composed of deacons who assist bishops and priests in a variety of ministerial roles."I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on Earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on Earth shall be loosed in heaven." Jesus to Peter in the Gospel of Matthew, The crossed gold and silver keys of the Holy See symbolise the keys of Simon Peter, representing the power of the papal office to loose and bind.The triple crown papal tiara symbolises the triple power of the Pope as "father of kings", "governor of the world" and "Vicar of Christ".
The Catholic Church has influenced Western philosophy, culture, science, and art.